Luxembourgish: A rare language in the middle of Europe

Luxembourgish is the official language of the Grand Duchy of Luxemburg. The small country has been multilingual since its inception, and the Luxembourgish language has been spoken throughout its history. As a Moselle Franconian dialect, the language belongs to the West Germanic languages and is very similar to High German.


3 interesting facts about the Luxembourgish language

It is the national language of Luxembourg and, together with French and German, is one of three official languages of the country
There are a few dialects of the Luxembourgish language, such as Areler (from Arlon), Echternacher (Echternach), and Kliärrwer (Clervaux).
Germans unfamiliar with the Moselle Franconian dialect may find spoken Luxembourgish difficult to understand.

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Origin of the language

Experts claim that the Luxembourgish language originated in the Moselle River region in Rhineland. Thus, this native High German territory became the birthplace of the Luxembourgish language in the 8th century. However, it was heavily influenced by German and French throughout history.


History of the language

The Luxembourgish language history starts in the lower valley of the Moselle, which once belonged to the Holy Roman Empire. The country of Luxembourg was established when Count Siegfried built the Lucilinburhuc castle. At the time people spoke High German, but the territory was soon divided by the French. The inhabitants then spoke Wallon, and German was spoken where Luxembourgish was spoken.

Since the Early Middle Ages, Luxemburg has been multilingual; French is reserved for administration and German is used for politics and the law. The French occupied the land in the 17th century and forbade the use of German, but people continued to use Luxembourgish. Luxemburg gained independence in 1839. Since 1912, the language has been taught in primary schools. Luxembourgish became the official language of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg in 1984.

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Learning the language

An English speaker may need 50 hours to learn Luxembourgish.

How to say 10 popular words and phrases in the Luxembourgish language

Most people in the Grand Duchy are multilingual because they use German, French, and Luxembourgish in their primary education. To learn the Luxembourgish language as an English speaker, you will need around 50 hours, but you can quickly learn a few common words and phrases. However, if you need content writing in Luxembourgish, you might need a professional to help you out!

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fun facts

3 fun facts about the Luxembourgish language

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Gender forms

There are three genders in the Luxembourg language; male, female, and neuter. Moreover, there are three cases: nominative, accusative, and dative.


Grammatical rule

In statements, Luxembourgish follows a verb-second word order.

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Role in academics

In Luxembourg, Luxembourgish is taught in preschool education whereas German is used in primary school and French is spoken in secondary school.


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Inventor and Writer


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Forgetting the importance of national landscapes, cultures, national behaviors, reactions, and reflexes is a big, big mistake.

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