Georgian: The ancient language of kings

The Georgian language belongs to the Kartvelian language group, which includes languages spoken in the South Caucasian region. It is an ancient language that was first mentioned in writing during the Roman Empire. Modern Georgian has around four million native speakers, the majority of whom live in Georgia.


3 interesting facts about the Georgian language

In Georgian, "hello" also means "victory" in reference to its historical success.
Georgian is one of ten ancient languages.
The Georgian language uses a base-20 system for the numbers 80-99, similar to French numerals.

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Origin of the language

Historians can trace evidence of the earliest documents to the 2nd century when Romans referred to the language. Georgians adopted Christianity in the 4th century and developed the early Old Georgian language. The first Georgian script might be derived from the Greek alphabet, and the modern variant has roots in round-form cursive.


History of the language

Georgian language history asserts that Old Georgian persisted throughout the Middle Ages and was later replaced by Middle Georgian. Shota Rustaveli wrote the poem “The Knight in the Panther's Skin” in the 12th century, and the first partially Georgian book was printed in 1629.
Modern Standard Georgian developed in the 18th century and is based on the Kartvelian dialect. The Georgian language alphabet has five vowels and 28 consonants.

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Learning the language

It takes roughly 1,100 hours to learn Georgian as an English speaker.

How to say 10 popular words and phrases in the Georgian language

An elaborate verb system and the non-Indo-European roots might be the most significant obstacles in learning to speak the Georgian language. Proficiency for English speakers may require more than 1,100 hours, but phrases like “thank you” and “happy birthday” in the Georgian language can be learned a bit quicker. However, if you need content writing in Georgian, you might need a professional to help you out!

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fun facts

3 fun facts about the Georgian language

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3 ways of saying "yes"

The Georgian language has three different ways to say "yes": diakh (formally), ki (informally), ho (colloquial).


Different name for homeland

Native Georgians do not address their nation by the name Georgia, but rather they call it “Sakartvelo” (“a place for Kartvelians”) in the local language.

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No uppercase letters

The Georgian language does not use capital letters.


Word Of Wisdom!

Man does not deserve a rebuke from us, but compassion; that's the only thing I can say: we must sympathize with everyone!

Otar Chiladze

Author, educator and philosopher


Word Of Wisdom!

I’m fascinated by anything that deals with the unexplained.

Elena Satine



Word Of Wisdom!

The Georgians will treat you like royalty.

Katie Melua

Singer, songwriter

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